Pediatric Endocrinology

Endocrine system is responsible for the production of hormones and has its effect on our body. Pediatric Endocrinology is a medical subspecialty that overlooks physical and sexual development in childhood and other disorders of the endocrine system.

Common Conditions treated in Pediatric Endocrinology

  • Adrenal Gland Problems
  • Diabetes Insipidus
  • Diabetes Type I
  • Diabetes Type II
  • Disorders of Sexual Differentiation
  • Growth Problems
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Hypoparathyroidism
  • Hypopituitarism
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Problems in Puberty

Common Symptoms in Pediatric Endocrinology

Symptoms of endocrine symptoms are dependent on the disorder.

Common symptom of diabetes

  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Unexplained weight loss or gain.
  • Excessive hunger

Common symptoms of adrenal glands

  • Headache
  • Hyperpigmentation of the skin (bronze appearance)
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose)
  • Loss of appetite
  • Low blood pressure (hypotension)
  • Missed menstrual periods
  • Salt cravings
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Weakness (loss of strength)
  • Buffalo hump (fat between the shoulder blades)
  • Skin discoloration such as bruising
  • Feeling very thirsty
  • Thinning and weakening of the bones (osteoporosis)
  • Frequent urination
  • High blood sugar (hyperglycemia)
  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Irritability and mood changes
  • Obesity of the upper body
  • Rounded “moon“ face
  • Weakness (loss of strength)

Common symptoms of thyroid gland

Hyperthyroid:

  • Diarrhea
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Fatigue
  • Goiter (enlargement of the thyroid gland)
  • Heat intolerance
  • Irritability and mood changes
  • Rapid heart rate (tachycardia)
  • Tremors
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Weakness (loss of strength)

Hypothyroidism:

  • Cold intolerance
  • Constipation
  • Decreased sweat production
  • Dry hair
  • Fatigue
  • Goiter (enlargement of the thyroid gland)
  • Joint and muscle pain
  • Missed menstrual periods
  • Slowed heart rate
  • Swollen face
  • Unexplained weight gain


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