Nephrology

Nephrology is a branch of medicine that deals with the functioning of the kidney, kidney problems, treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation).

Common symptoms in Nephrology

  • Burning or difficulty during urination
  • An increase in the frequency of urination
  • Passage of blood in the urine
  • Puffiness around the eyes, swelling of the hands and feet
  • Pain in the small of the back just below the ribs
  • High blood pressure.
  • Muscle cramping.
  • Nausea and Vomiting.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Changes in urine output.
  • Fluid retention.
  • Anemia (a decrease in red blood cells)
  • Sudden rise in potassium levels (hyperkalemia)

Common disorder in Nephrology

  • Obstruction in urinary tract
  • Posterior Urethral valves
  • Renal dysplasia
  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Glomerulosclerosis
  • Chronic Kidney Disease
  • Acute kidney injury
  • Nephrotic Syndrome
  • Minimal change kidney
  • Kidney Stones
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease
  • Urinary Tract Infections

Diagnostic Procedures in Nephrology

  • Urinalysis
  • 24 hour urine test
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR)
  • Electrolyte levels and acid base balance
  • Complete blood count
  • Ultrasound or Computed Tomography (CT) Scan
  • Kidney Biopsy
  • Urine Test
  • Blood Creatinine Test

About Dr. Ravindra Nikalji



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