General, GI & Laparoscopic Surgery

Diseases Under General GI and Laparoscopy Surgery 

A surgical specialty overlooking the disorders of abdominal wall, abdominal organs specifically gastrointestinal tract, chest and head & neck region. Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive technique used for surgical treatment of certain diseases of the abdomen.

Representative Cases:

MITR Hospital offers General & GI Surgery services by a Surgeon who was awarded “Best Trauma Resident Award” during his post-graduation days. He has undergone intensive training for three years in the field of laparoscopic surgery for performing surgeries for conditions in the fields of General & GI Surgery.

General & GI Surgery Department at MITR Hospital is managed by:

Dr. V. Malladi 

General & GI Surgeon

Fellowship Trained Laparoscopic Surgeon

Founder Member - Association of Minimal Access 

Surgeons of India (AMASI) 

MBBS (Mumbai), MS (Mumbai)

FMAS (Gem Hospital, Coimbatore, India)

FMAS (Fellowship - MAS by AMASI, India)

• About Dr. V. Malladi

• Detailed CV of Dr. V. Malladi

• Media Coverage of Dr. V. Malladi 

Special Clinics:

• Hernia Clinic

• Piles Clinic

• SILS Clinic

OPD Timings at MITR Hospital

Monday / Wednesday / Friday: 1.00 p.m. to 2.00 p.m.

Tuesday / Thursday / Saturday: 6.30 p.m. to 8.00 p.m.

Call +91-22-27743558/27744229 or 09324180553 for appointment

Fill up an Enquiry form

Common disorders in General Surgery

Complications encountered by diabetic patients: 

  1. Boils: A collection of pus arising from hair follicle. They are usually superficial and nto as deep as abscesses.
  2. Abscess: A deep seated infection that affects the tissues.
  3. Cellulitis (Skin and soft tissue infections)
  4. Carbuncle (Bigger abscess which can spread fast)
  5. Gangrene (death of tissue)
  6. Necrotising fascitis (tissues below the skin dying and spreading fast)

 Lumps in Skin and subcutaneous tissue 

• Sebaceous cysts

• Lipoma

• Corn 

• Warts

• Keloid & Hypertrophic scars

• Dermoid cyst (Congenital swellings with fluid)

• Hemangioma (Blood filled abnormal vessels)

• Erysipelas (Inflammation of lymphatic tissue of skin)

• Abscess (pus filled cavity)- either bacterial or tuberculosis

• Papilloma (skin tissue overgrowth)

• Fibroma (tumor of fibrous tissue)

 Ulcers (wounds in skin) 

• Benign like infections, tuberculosis, vascular 

• Malignant

 Sinus (Blind tract from skin surface to deeper tissue) 

• Tubercular sinus 

• Pilonidal sinus

• Pre-auricular sinus

 Fistula (tract connecting two epithelial surfaces) 

• Presence of a Foreign body 

• Presence of fluid passing through tract – fecas as in perianal fistula

• Specific infection like tuberculosis

• Internal fistula like between two organs like urinary blaader and colon

 Vascular diseases

A) Arterial diseases – reduced blood supply 

• Senile – Age related Atherosclerosis causing reduced blood supply to limbs causing 

Pain on walking, Rest pain

• Buerger’s disease – Smoking, Young men (<40 yrs), Lower limbs

• Raynaud’ s disease – Young women, Upper limbs

• Cervical rib – Young women 

B) Venous disease – Varicose veins (dilated & tortuous veins)

C) Lymphatic disease

• Acute infections – Lymphangitis

• Chronic infections – tuberculosis

• Malignancy

• Lymph node enlargement – acute infections, tuberculosis and cancer

 Breast lumps 

• Abscess

• Lumps – Fibroadenoma, Fibroadenosis

• Gynecomastia

• Duct papilloma

• Malignant (Spreading type of cancer)

• Carcinoma of male breast

Thyroid disease

• Goitre (Thyroid swellings) with Hyperthyroidism (Increased thyroid hormones), Hypothyroidism (Decreased) or Euthyroid (Normal )

• Hyperthyroidim – Graves disease or Adenoma

• Thyroiditis – inflammation of thyroid gland. Commonest is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis

• Nodular Goitre

• Cancer of thyroid gland

 Parathyroid gland

• Primary Hyperparathyroidism

 Adrenal gland

 Phaechromocytoma

Hernia

• Inguinal – Unilateral, Bilateral, Primary, Recurrent

• Umbilical – Reducible, Irreducible, Obstructed

• Incisional - Reducible, Irreducible, Obstructed

• Femoral

• Spigelian

• Diaphragmatic

Oral cavity disorders - Tongue

• Ulcers – Aphthous, Dental, Tuberculous, Nonspecific, Cancer

• Leokoplasia

• Benign swellings like hemangioma

• Cancer

 Oral cavity 

• Cysts – mucous cyst

• Ranula (swelling in floor of the mouth)

• Sublingual dermoid cyst

• Epulis (swelling of the gum)

• Cancer

 Neck disorders

• Swellings – lymph nodes

• Cold abscess

• Thyroglossal cyst

• Branchial cyst

• Cervical rib

• Carotid body tumor

• Malignant lymph nodes

Disorders of salivary glands

• Acute infections – Acute Suppurative Parotitis

• Acute infections – Mumps 

• Sialoadenitis – stone formation commonly in submandubular gland

• Parotid tumours – Pleomorphic adenoma

• Warthin tumor

 Chest  & Chest Wall

• Rib tumors

• Sinus of chest wall – Tuberculosis

• Cold abscess

• Empyema

• Myasthenia Gravis

 Scrotum

• Hydrocoele

• Pyocoele

 Male Genitalia

• Phimosis

• Paraphimosis

Common Symptoms in General & GI Surgery

  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Constipation
  • Heartburn, Chest pain
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Diarrhea
  • Weight loss
  • Poor appetite
  • Bleeding per rectum
  • Pain after passing stools
  • Anal swelling
  • Neck swelling
  • Inguinal swelling
  • Skin swelling
  • Sinus
  • Discharge from wound
  • Dysphagia – difficulty in swallowing

Common disorders in GI Surgery

• Acute Appendicitis – Early, Chronic, Abscess, During pregnancy, In Elderly

• Appendicular Mass

• Appendicular cancer

• Biliary colic

• Acute Calculous Cholecystitis

• Chronic Calculous Cholecystitis

• Mucocoele & Empyema Gallbladder

• Special situations – Diabetics, Pregnant women, Obesity

• Gallbladder Polyp

• Acalculous Cholecystitis

• Chronic Peptic Ulcer

• Abdominal Tuberculosis

• Carcinoma Stomach

• Chronic Cholecystitis

• Chronic Pancreatitis

• Chronic Appendicitis

• Crohn’s disease

• Diverticulitis

• Ulcerative Colitis

• Irritable Bowel Syndrome

• Hernia

• Hematoma, Abscess

• Desmoid tumor

• Umbilical swelling / discharge

• Dysphagia (Disorders of Motility)

• Achalasia cardia

• Carcinoma Esophagus

• Hiatus Esophagus hernia and Gastro esophageal reflux disease

• Corrosive strictures of Esophagus

• Acute Peptic perforation

• Peptic Ulcer disease, Gastric Outlet Obstruction

• Hydatid Cyst

• Simple Cyst

• Liver Trauma

• Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic purpura 

• Splenic Trauma

• Chronic Pancreatitis

• Cyst in Pancreas

• Small Bowel Obstruction

• Acute Regional Ileitis

• Acute non-specific Lymphadenitis

• Acute Ulcerative Colitis

• Meckel’s Diverticulum

• Ileal Stricture

• Koch’s Abdomen

• Mesenteric vascular Obstruction

• Mesenteric cyst

• Peritoneal Tuberculosis

• Acute Colonic Diverticulitis

• Sigmoid Volvulous

• Cecal Volvulous

• Colon Cancer

• Fissure in ano – acute / chronic

• Hemorrhoids

• Fistula

• Abscess

• Polyp

• Rectal Prolapse

• Cancer

  1. GI Bleeding – bleeding within the lumen of the gastrointestinal tract
  2. Pancreatitis
  3. Bowel Obstruction
  4. Diarrhoea due to varied surgical causes
  5. Vomiting due to varied surgical causes
  6. Appendix 
  7. Gallbladder  
  8. Chronic Abdominal pain
  9. Abdominal Wall 
  10. Acute abdominal pain
  11. Esophagus 
  12. Stomach 
  13. Liver 
  14. Liver abscess – Amoebic or Pyogenic
  15. Spleen 
  16. Pancreas 
  17. Duodenum – Duodenal Ulcer
  18. Small Intestine 
  19. Colon & Rectum 
  20. Anus and Anal canal


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